What is ADHD and Other Behavioral Disorders? Parents & Nannies in Miami
ADHD and other behavioral disorders. There are three main types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
• Combined(the most common type), which involves inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
• Inattentive (Attention Deficit Disorder symptoms – ADD), which involves mainly inattention and inability to concentrate
• Hyperactive-impulsive, which is involves mainly hyperactivity and impulsivity without inattentiveness
Signs include difficulties paying attention for long periods of time, but this is often more of a selective attention, in which things that are considered interesting are not hard to pay attention to. There may also be frequent displays of hyperactive behavior, such as fidgeting, pacing, impulsivity and excessive talking.
Causes of symptoms are a bit controversial depending on who you speak to about the subject. There appears to be a correlation between diet, sleep, exposure to toxins in the womb and at a young age, and also a hereditary component.
SEE ADHD CHECKLIST adhd-checklist-01
Coexisting Behavior Disorders
Often times there are coexisting behavior disorders that occur with ADHD symptoms. All of these are referred for mental health treatment services more than any other disorders of childhood and are the most commonly diagnosed.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Children (ODD)
Oppositional Defiant Disorder in children is a repeated display of disobedient, defiant, and argumentative behavior toward authority figures that persists for at least six months. It is more than just having to deal with your typical defiant children and includes symptoms, such as frequent anger, resentment, and arguing with others.
Treatment for Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Treatment for ODD will usually include parent skills training, behavioral interventions, and whatever ADHD treatments may already be occurring. Applying special techniques for working with defiant may also be beneficial if the symptoms are not severe.
Conduct disorder involves the persistent display of specific destructive and aggressive behaviors over a period of at least six months. Many children with this diagnosis will eventually become diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder. Aggression towards people and animals, property destruction, violation of rules and deceitfulness or theft are the main categories of symptoms that define this disorder.
Treatment typically involves behavioral interventions, psychotropic medications, and interventions specifically related to school behavior.
1. Centers for disease control and prevention. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Data & Statistics.http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html. 9/9/10.
2. Barkoukis, A., Reiss, N. S., Dombeck, M. (2008). Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses. Disorders of Childhood: Attention-Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders. www.mentalhelp.net. 11-30-09.
3. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Fourth edition—text revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association,100-102.
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